Web-console and REST API
Users are strongly encouraged to use HTTPS, rather than HTTP.
The use of LDAP is encouraged, rather than basic auth.
Configuration of "entitlements" is encouraged, to lock down access to the REST API for different users.
Users are strongly discouraged from running Brooklyn as root.
For production use-cases (i.e. where Brooklyn will never deploy to "localhost"), the user under
which Brooklyn is running should not have
Use of an object store is recommended (e.g. using S3 compliant or Swift API) - thus making use of the security features offered by the chosen object store.
File-based persistence is also supported. Permissions of the files will automatically be 600 (i.e. read-write only by the owner). Care should be taken for permissions of the relevant mount points, disks and directories.
For credential storage, users are strongly encouraged to consider using the "externalised
configuration" feature. This allows credentials to be retrieved from a store managed by you,
rather than being stored within YAML blueprints or
A secure credential store is strongly recommended, such as use of
HashiCorp's Vault - see
Cloud Credentials and Access
Users are strongly encouraged to create separate cloud credentials for Brooklyn's API access.
Users are also encouraged to (where possible) configure the cloud provider for only minimal API access (e.g. using AWS IAM).
VM Image Credentials
Users are strongly discouraged from using hard-coded passwords within VM images. Most cloud
providers/APIs provide a mechanism to instead set an auto-generated password or to create an
~/.ssh/authorized_keys (prior to the VM being returned by the cloud provider).
If a hard-coded credential is used, then Brooklyn can be configured with this "loginUser" and "loginUser.password" (or "loginUser.privateKeyData"), and can change the password and disable root login.
It is strongly discouraged to use the root user on VMs being created or managed by Brooklyn. SSH-ing on the VM should be done on rare cases such as initial Apache Brooklyn setup, Apache Brooklyn upgrade and other important maintenance occasions.
Users are strongly encouraged to use SSH keys for VM access, rather than passwords.
This SSH key could be a file on the Brooklyn server. However, a better solution is to use the "externalised configuration" to return the "privateKeyData". This better supports upgrading of credentials.
Install Artifact Downloads
When Brooklyn executes scripts on remote VMs to install software, it often requires downloading
the install artifacts. For example, this could be from an RPM repository or to retrieve
By default, the RPM repositories will be whatever the VM image is configured with. For artifacts to be downloaded directly, these often default to the public site (or mirror) for that software product.
Where users have a private RPM repository, it is strongly encouraged to ensure the VMs are configured to point at this.
For other artifacts, users should consider hosting these artifacts in their own web-server and
configuring Brooklyn to use this. See the documentation for