Merging Contributed Code

The Apache Brooklyn Git repositories are hosted in the ASF infrastructure and mirrored to Github. This is the current repository layout:

  • Apache - the main and official repository
  • GitHub - mirror of the ASF repository, used to accept contributions and do code reviews


For everything except the most trivial changes, the submitter must have a CLA on file. Check the list of Apache committers, and non-commiters with ICLAs on record and prompt the contributor to file an appropriate CLA if required.

For all significant changes, there must be a Jira issue. If a Jira issue is not referenced in the PR and/or commit messages, prompt the contributor to open a Jira issue.

Rules of thumb

  1. Every contribution is a piece of intellectual property. This is the precious sustenance that nourishes our project. Please treat it with respect.
  2. Always give credit where it is due, ensure every merged commit reflects properly the individual who authored that commit. Preserve both the name and email address.
  3. Ensure your name and email address are there as the committer prior to pushing it to the Apache repositories.
  4. Always strive for linear commit history, avoid merge commits while pulling in contributor’s changes.

Setting up your repository

Follow these instructions to configure your local repositories. Make sure the canonical ASF repo is enabled as that is where you’ll need to push to merge changes, and that you are able to fetch pull-requests.

Once that is done, run git fetch --all to update from all remote repositories - you will see all the pull requests appear:

* [new ref]         refs/pull/98/head -> upstream/pr/1234
* [new ref]         refs/pull/99/head -> upstream/pr/1235

Merging a pull request

Fetch the latest remote branches, which will cause a remote branch for the PR to become available to you.

git fetch --all

If you want to inspect a particular PR and/or run tests, check out the branch:

git checkout upstream/pr/1234

To perform the merge, first update your master branch to the latest:

git checkout master
git pull --rebase

Then merge and push:

git merge --no-ff -m 'This closes #1234' upstream/pr/1234
git push apache-git master

Note that this commit message is important, as this is what will trigger the pull request to be automatically closed, and the --no-ff means that a merge commit will always be created.

Alternative options

Adding the remote reference to the contributor’s repository

Fetch the branch of the user you want to merge from (replacing -PROJECT as appropriate):

git fetch branch-to-merge-from

If you commonly merge from a particular user, you’ll want to add their repo as a remote to make fetching branches easier:

git remote add user-to-merge-from
git fetch user-to-merge-from

Merging from a patch file

Save the patch from the Github patch link (just append ‘.patch’ to the pull request link to get it). This patch will keep the authorship of the commit, so we should use it instead of the diff.

Apply the patch preserving the original author:

git am pull-request-9876.patch

Additional information

Particularly for new committers, you may find the following ASF information useful: